Union soldier's ID tag found in Hunley
Soldier listed as killed in 1863 on Morris Island
April 28, 2001
BY SCHUYLER KROPF
Of The Post and Courier staff
Either there was a Yankee on board the Hunley,
or one of the rebels was wearing the wrong dog tags.
[ Home ] [ Up ] [ NEWSLETTER INDEX AND LINKS ] [ SITE MAP ]
Archaeologists excavating the sub announced Friday
they'd discovered the dog tag of a Union soldier hanging around the neck of one
of the eight skeletal remains uncovered so far.
The tag - a copper medallion - has the soldier's name
on one side and a picture of George Washington on the other.
It was issued in the name of Ezra Chamberlin, a member
of Company K, 7th Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers.
Chamberlin was listed as killed in action on July 11,
1863, in the Union's first major assault on Fort Wagner, the rebel battery on
Morris Island guarding Charleston.
How it got inside the Hunley is anyone's guess.
Chamberlin is reportedly buried beneath a headstone in Killingly, Conn.
A number of different scenarios are being explored: Did
Chamberlin survive, and his body was misidentified after the fighting? Did he
defect? Was he a POW put in the sub against his will? Was he a spy who worked
his way onboard?
The most logical answer is that one of the crewmen
picked up the tag from Chamberlin's body, or may have traded for it in a
soldier's swap. A known Hunley crewman, Cpl. C.F. Carlson, was also a member of
the German Light Artillery, a unit that was prominent on Morris
Island during the 1863 attack.
The tag was found on the remains of crewman
No. 8, who was stationed at the sub's stern. He would have been responsible
for working the pumps needed to raise and lower ballast tank water - a job that
the captain would not have given to someone he couldn't trust, Yankee or
But what doesn't make sense, archaeologists say, is why
one man would wear another man's identification around his neck.
"Personally, I found that very unusual," said
project manager Bob Neyland, who said that soldiers would have taken extra steps
to ensure proper ID so that loved ones could be informed.
The medallion, about the
size of a 50-cent piece, was found on the back of the man's skull. A length of
material leads down into the sediment where there is apparently a paper card
attached to it. Archaeologists hope the card may include more information about
the man's identification.
Wearing a dog tag would have been an oddity in the
Civil War since the U.S. military didn't officially start issuing dog tags until
1913. But during the Civil War, merchants known as sutlers followed the troops
and would offer identification tags for sale just prior to battles.
The archaeologists are also finding other Union
articles in the sub, primarily buttons. More than 50
buttons have been found so far in 16 different types. Some even say USN on them,
for the U.S. Navy. Another came from a uniform of the Union infantry.
Neyland says the variety shows just how much of a mix
of materials rebel uniforms were.
Work at the Warren Lasch Conservation Lab is
continuing, and the excavation could take another month to complete.
The team still has not made a move toward the bow of
the sub, where the Hunley's captain, Lt. George Dixon, is believed to have been
The Hunley was the first submarine in history to sink
an enemy warship. It sank off Charleston the night of Feb. 17, 1864, shortly
after ramming an explosive charge at the end of a spar into the Union blockade
ship Housatonic. The sub was raised last year.
Used with permission of The Post and Courier and Charleston.Net.