The Liberty Half Eagle holds the distinction of being the only coin of any type or denomination to be struck at all seven mints. They were struck in two types--the ultra-scarce "No Motto," minted from 1839 until 1865 and the "With Motto" (IN GOD WE TRUST) type, struck from 1866 until 1908.

Like many other U.S. coins, the Liberty Half Eagle depicts the crowned image of Liberty on the obverse and, on the reverse, a majestic bald eagle with a shield over its breast, perched on an olive branch and holding three arrows.

During the Civil War, widespread gold hoarding led the U.S. government to significantly reduce the mintages of these coins, making issues from that era particularly rare.

The $20 gold coin shown here is the only known specimen of its kind and is among the rarest of United States coins. It owes its existence,in part, to the discovery of gold in California in 1848, of which the famous Sutter's Mill discovery was but the beginning. The California Gold Rush created a steady flow of gold, part of which reached the United States Mint in Philadelphia. Instead of striking gold in traditional $1 pieces,the Mint decided to also issue larger denominations. In February 1849,Congress authorized the striking of $20 gold coins, which were created by the very talented Chief-Engraver James Barton Longacre. This coin is one of two trial patterns struck on March 12, 1850, even though it bears the date 1849. The second pattern has never been found. This coin inaugurated the series of gold 20 dollars, nicknamed "double eagles", which were issued from 1850 to 1907. The term "double eagle" is derived from the fact that the $10 coin is called an "eagle".

$10 Liberty Gold Coins Minted from 1838-1907

Austin Collectors Society just acquired a nice collection of $10 Liberty gold coins. These classic U.S. gold coins offer collectors an historic design, nearly a half ounce of gold, and an extremely affordable price per coin.

Each coin is hand-picked for great eye appeal with dates in the late 1800's. The $10 Liberty front displays the "Coronet" design introduced in 1838. The bust of Miss Liberty appears with a crown surrounded by 13 stars for the 13 colonies.

The reverse (not shown) is a majestic heraldic eagle in the early Americana style. The eagle is clutching an olive branch of peace in one talon and the arrows of war in the other. By law, each $10 Liberty contains .48375 troy ounces of pure gold for your safety and security.



Pre-Civil War Branch Mints
The United States branch mints at Dahlonega and  Charlotte opened in 1838. Their mission was to produce gold coinage for circulation in the South from gold found in nearby Georgia, North Carolina, and Alabama.

The Dahlonega Mint in Georgia struck coins from 1838 to 1861 which bear the "D" Mint Mark for Dahlonega.

Over the span of 24 years, the Dahlonega Mint struck gold dollars,  quarter eagles, and half eagles.

This Pre-Civil War Mint had extremely low mintages of gold coins and today all surviving coins from the Dahlonega Mint are considered rare.

Charlotte Mint
During the same era before the Civil War, the Charlotte, North Carolina Mint  opened and also struck U.S. gold coins. All coins struck at Charlotte bear the "C" Mint Mark and are today considered rare.

Collector Approach
Today, rare gold coins minted before the Civil War are highly collectible for  fascinating history and extreme numismatic rarity. To collect Pre-Civil War coinage you need the help of Rare Coin Specialists who are experienced experts in this area. One of the firms is Austin Rare Coins which has available several books to assist you on the history of Pre-Civil War coins. 


Contact with comments or questions about this site. The Rare Coin Museum is a  division of Accent Rare Coins, Inc. and is provided as a public service to rare coin collectors.  All requests for coin collecting information will be fulfilled by the respective firms offering free materials. 
Copyright 2001.  All rights reserved.
Site Updated July 23, 2001

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